Teatro Electra – Piazza Pichi
Gianluca Introzzi, Professor of Physics at the University of Pavia.
The problem of entities constituting reality, of primitive ontology, has been in central importance in physical theories from antiquity to today. The corpuscular and wave models of classical optics are presented, from the 1600s to the 1800s. We then analyze the emergence, in quantum physics, of the wave/particle dualism. The various interpretations given to this problematic concept are discussed and analysed. Finally, the need to overcome the wave/particle dualism through typically quantum entities is shown: bosons and fermions.
Adriana Saccone, University of Genova.
Carbon, a key element of living matter, has unique properties, including the ability to form a very large number of compounds (millions!) thanks to its peculiar characteristic of forming stable bonds with itself and with other light atoms. For this same reason, carbon has various allotropic forms, including diamond, graphite, fullerenes, nanotubes, which have extremely different properties.
Carbon is the basis, at least for now, of our energy consumption; it is the fundamental element of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas. The reserves known to date, the estimates of duration at current consumption and the consequent CO2 emissions with their contribution to global warming due to the greenhouse effect will be considered.
Scientific aperitif by Paolo Piccardo, University of Genova and Alessandro Doro, actor, coordinator of Poetry Slam Sardinia.
Six poets face each other with their own texts in two rounds plus a final to which they enter on the vote of a popular jury chosen from the public. The texts must strictly refer to or be inspired by scientific themes. The mode of expression can touch any kind of register from the comic to the tragic.
Teatro Electra – Piazza Pichi
Eleonora Polo, researcher at the ISOF Institute of the CNR in Bologna, with the book Once upon a time there was a polymer, Apogeo Education 2013, ranked third in the National Prize for Scientific Dissemination
He recently published the books Neverland. Plastic in the oceans between myth and reality , Dedalo 2020 and “An ocean of plastic, Dedalo 2021.
The media often speak of the so-called "plastic islands", six more or less vast areas in which, due to the effect of the currents, a large part of the floating debris is concentrated, mostly made up of plastic fragments. We will try to understand what these islands really look like and why they are not found on any nautical chart. By debunking hoaxes and urban legends, we will also discover where they are, how they are formed and what we can do to improve the state of our seas and oceans.
Teatro Electra – Piazza Pichi
Gianfranco Pacchioni, University Milano Bicocca.
The constant increase of CO2 in the atmosphere has determined the climatic consequences that we well know. Much is said about the problem, little about the solutions. Even if we could stop CO2 emissions now, the planet's temperature will continue to rise for a long time. And in reality we will still produce CO2 for decades, at least, pending a complete transition to renewable sources, and we will continue to produce even after that. Perhaps there is a way out. We must reverse course, not only reduce emissions but learn to capture CO2 and reuse it as a raw material, perhaps to produce fuel, this time clean and sustainable. By copying from nature, and learning to exploit the energy that comes to us from the sun.
It's not science fiction, it can be done. But first we must get to know this molecule, without which life on earth would not exist, and from which we all come.
Bianca Bottino, University of Genova and Princeton University researcher, United States.
What is the universe made of? This fascinating question is at the heart of one of the most important physics problems of our day. We must start from the fact that most of our Universe is unknown to us, we know only 5%. It may seem disheartening, but in reality this opens up enormous possibilities for scientific investigation. There is a real world to discover!
We know, from numerous astrophysical evidences, that there is a large amount of non-luminous matter, what is called dark matter. In this conference we will start from the few certainties that we have on the subject, and then focus on the experiments that try to reveal dark matter. In particular, we will talk about the DarkSide experiment, which is based at the Gran Sasso National Laboratories, in Abruzzo.
Mining Institute Asproni-Fermi
Venue Via Roma
èCOscienza: Ecology, Science and Applied Technology
Guided tour in the science, chemistry, logic, mineralogy and IT laboratories of the Asproni-Fermi Mining Institute.
Students belonging to different study courses, but all united by a passion for science, technology and an interest in its dissemination, offer simple and innovative laboratory teaching experiences: scientific demonstrations and a small exhibition itinerary to analyze in an original way many biological processes. A dynamic activity, where participants can observe the scientific phenomena and chemical reactions that regulate and characterize vital processes and more. The activities, proposed in simple but rigorous language, will be aimed at all school levels.
Playful activity in the school environment is an important support for the development of knowledge and life skills, where problem solving, strategy and teamwork skills are particularly important. During this journey, the kids will face exciting science-themed challenges using the board game while having fun, working in groups, and learning some of the main concepts related to the world of science.
The multiplier of human strength
Using a machine based on Pascal's principle that allows you to multiply the applied force, students will be able to break extremely resistant rocks with only their own strength.
A real challenge!
Visit to the most evocative rooms of the historic headquarters of the Mining Institute.
The Mineralogical Museum with the students of the Geotechnical course: through the use of the UV lamp, we will go on the hunt for luminescent minerals that respond differently when subjected to UV rays.
Mineralogical Museum – Aula Marte
The students of the Tourism course will accompany visitors on a curious travel itinerary through the exclusive and evocative spaces of the ancient Institute to show through the specially set up laboratories how Science and technology can work for the future of the planet.
The Hour of Code is an initiative born in the United States in 2013 to give each student the opportunity to do at least one hour of programming. The activity shows how learning about systems and information technology is now an essential tool for better understanding today's society and the society of the future. During the activity, a moment will also be dedicated to digital simulated scientific experimentation.
Target students: students of all levels.
Waste, a problem that becomes a resource and on the trail of Raw Material recovery and reuse processes of disused materials that would otherwise end up in landfills. In their hands, the chemistry laboratory becomes an important resource in the manipulation of Raw Materials, Bioplastics, materials of the future.